Pelatihan COBRA Sebagai Upaya Meningkatkan Keterampilan Kader Posyandu Lansia Dalam Penanganan Hipertensi

Wendy Handayani, Dessy Pranungsari, Putri Ajeng Dinanti

Abstract


Abstract: The hypertension prevalence in Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta places second rank of the province with highest cases of hypertension (Kemenkes, 2018). According to the top 10 of diseases visits data from 2 January to 31 December 2020, hypertension prevalence at Puskesmas Danurejan 1 shows the prevalence of the visits’ highest number. Based on this issue, the researchers collaborated with Psychologist of Puskesmas Danureja I to conduct Conscious Breathing (COBRA) Therapy Training, as an effort to improve the skills of elderly Posyandu Cadres to treat hypertension evenly in Tegal Panggung sub-district. The activities in this program are generally divided into five stages, those are : identifying problems occurred in Puskesmas Danurejan I; obtanining information about hypertension cases and treatment carried out by Puskesmas Danurejan I; and trial of Conscious Breathing (COBRA) therapy implementation. The results of the statistical analysis of the pared sample t-test showed a Z score = -3.752a with a value of p = 0.000 (p <0.01). Therefore, it can be concluded that Conscious Breathing (COBRA) therapy training gave an impact on increasing the knowledge of elderly posyandu cadres about hypertension and its treatment.. Moreover, the Elderly Posyandu cadres also actively shared the knowledge to another Elderly Posyandu member.

Keywords: conscious breathing; elderly posyandu; hypertension; puskesmas. 


Abstract: Prevalensi hipertensi di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta menempatkan urutan ke- 2 sebagai provinsi dengan kasus hipertensi tertinggi (Kemenkes, 2018). Prevalensi Hipertensi di Puskesmas Danurejan I menurut data 10 besar kunjungan penyakit pertanggal 2 januari sampai 31 desember 2018 menunjukan prevalensi jumlah kunjungan terbanyak. Hal ini membuat peneliti bekerja sama dengan Psikolog Puskesmas Danureja I melakukan pelatihan terapi Conscious Breathing (COBRA) sebagai upaya peningkatan ketrampilan kader posyandu lansia guna penanganan penyakit hipertensi secara merata di kelurahan Tegal Panggung. Kegiatan yang dilakukan pada program ini secara umum dibagi menjadi lima tahapan yaitu; mengindentifikasi masalah-masalah yang dialami oleh Puskesma Danurejan I, memperoleh informasi mengenai kasus hipertensi dan penanganan yang dilakukan oleh Puskesmas Danurejan I, uji coba pelaksanaan terapi Conscious Breathing (COBRA), Pelatihan terapi Conscious Breathing (COBRA), dan follow up pelatihan yang telah diberikan. Hasil analisis statistik pared sample t-test menunjukan Skor Z = -3.752a dengan nilai p = 0,000 (p < 0,01). Dapat disimpulkan bahwa ada pengaruh pelatihan terapi Conscious Breathing (COBRA) terhadap kenaikan pengetahuan kader posyandu lansia terhadap penyakit hipertensi dan penanganannya. Selain itu kader  posyandu lansia juga aktif dalam memberikan ilmu yang didapatkan kepada anggota posyandu lansia.

Keywords: conscious breathing; hipertensi; posyandu lansia; puskesmas.

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33330/jurdimas.v4i2.966

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